- Capitão da Armada britânica.
- Explorador, navegador e cartógrafo.
- Foi o primeiro europeu a chegar à costa leste da Austrália.
Lieutenant James Cook's expedition (first voyage) makes first sighting of eastern Australian coastline, naming the spot Cape Hicks. His logbook recorded the date as April 19, but the 20th was the actual calendar date.
James Cook arrives at and names Botany Bay, Australia.
Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.
HMS Resolution, under the command of Captain James Cook, sets sail from Plymouth, England.
Captain James Cook begins third voyage.
Kiritimati, also called Christmas Island, was discovered by James Cook.